By: David Miranda
It is a town that is located northeast of the colorful Valley of the Incas. Ollantaytambo was before the Incas a small growing town that entered the domain of the Incas at the time of the Inca Pachacútec (1418 - 1471). This town was established as a very important checkpoint, as well as being the place where corn could be domesticated for its abundant production, taking advantage of the fact that the Urubamba river was right next to the town.
This town is known for being one of the oldest human settlements in America that has been inhabited. Just by wandering through the streets of this town, a traveler can go back in time in a special way.
It is known that Pachacútec was the one who built the main buildings of the current
archaeological site of Ollantaytambo, but there is evidence that the origins of Ollantaytambo
date back approximately 400 years.
There is evidence of the Huari culture in the town sites and indications of much older settlements, so it is most likely that the Incas built on top of a city that already existed.
At the top of Ollantaytambo built on a terraced tower on the west side, is the 'Aracama', which
is where the Temple of the Sun is located, this is a unique building in Cusco.
It has 150 steps with a perfect carving of stones similar to the Tipón Valley to the south of Cusco, among the architecture, the 6 erect monoliths stand out and joined by huge sheets of stone, they were created with the purpose of cushioning seismic movements.
It is because of the terraces of Ollantaytambo that this town is seen as one of the most impressive examples of Inca architecture, engineering and agriculture, they are 700 meters high, 58 meters wide and 15 meters deep, built in relation to the sun, these create microclimates which allowed to grow products from different altitudinal zones.
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