Written by: David Miranda01/08/2021
The first of August is celebrated on Earth Day or in Quechua: "Pachamama Raymi", in the high
Andean communities of Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Argentina. The Andes region is characterized by
its deep cultural and folk legacy from the Inca and pre-Inca cultures that is expressed in its
festivals, customs and traditions.
It is a tradition that continues from ancient Inca times. Many people have a close bond with our Mother Earth (Pachamama in Quechua), therefore every August 1 they perform a Pachamama Payment Ceremony that represents the earth in the broadest sense of the word, that is, the entire nature that provides us with the place and resources we need to live.
The Incas had the greatest respect for him, he was one of their deities as was the Inti or Sun God. Before any festivity they performed, they used to make him a previous thanksgiving ceremony, it was the time for the earth to eat, drink and smoke. It was time to give her a lot of what she has given us.
It is important to know that the majority of high Andean communities have had and still have a
deep dependence and connection with agriculture, being the month of August the month in which
furrows are normally made in the land, preparing it to receive the seeds and therefore the new
ones. crops. On the day of the Pachamama, the Andean man tries to return or return to the earth
everything he has received from her, showing his gratitude and asking him that the coming
harvests are also abundant and prosperous.
Among the ingredients that we need to give thanks are: the coca leaf, the fetus of some animal (preferably an Andean animal), some coins, lliqlla (typical blanket with Inca motifs), alcoholic beverages (mostly wine or beer), cigarettes and food. Rural men, housewives, workers, farmers, children, authorities, neighborhood associations and other organizations participate in the festivities for the day of Pachamama.
As part of the Pachamama Day celebrations, the men and women of the high Andean communities gather on August 1 in a ceremony that includes, among other things:
During the procession some carguyoqs give gifts to the assistants, objects such as postcards,
souvenirs, etc; they are distributed without distinction. The procession ends at approximately
12 noon after all the saints return to the Cathedral where they will remain until next Thursday
when the faithful, the carguyoq, the mayor and others return their saints to their place of
origin, the temple. from which they were taken.
The idea is ‘make Pacha Mama eat, drink and smoke’. At the end of the ceremony, wood or firewood is placed in the hole, all the above is wrapped with the lliclla and finally everything is consumed by the fire, to be later covered with earth. Throughout the ceremony people drink beer, consume various typical dishes and celebrate with dance and music.
The Incas had a ‘pantheistic’ religion, that is, they believed that the creator God and nature (mountains, valleys, rivers, lightning, thunder, etc.) were actually a single entity or concept. The Incas did not know the writing so that most of the traditions and myths have been transmitted orally from generation to generation. According to the Inca worldview, space or time was divided into three planes:
The Inti Raymi is one of the most important dates for the Inca culture, and in Cusco it is celebrated in a big wayRead article
The most mysterious and huge figures carved in the desert of Ica, is a constant question of what are they made for?Read article